Historical and Comparative Linguistics

These are the class handouts from an undergraduate course I taught at Princeton in Fall 2019 (LIN 210). Email me if you're interested in any of the other materials.

  • Class-1   What is language change?

  • Class-2  Phonetics and the IPA

  • Class-3  Phonological Features and Syllables

  • Class-4  Phonemes, Allophones, and Phonological Rules

  • Class-5  Phonology Exercises

  • Class-6  Types of sound changes and phonological processes

  • Class-7  Types of sound changes and phonological processes (continued)

  • Class-8  Splits, Mergers, and Relative Chronology

  • Class-9  Relative Chronology, Rule Ordering, and Chain Shifts